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The situation in Sudan, explained by 25 bullet points

Updated: Oct 14, 2019


Everything you need to know about what's happening in Sudan, explained by 25 bullet points.



What is happening

  1. Protesters have been trying to get rid of Omar Al-Bashir, the Sudanese dictator who has been ruling since 1989. (1)

  2. Saturday April 6th, protesters sat in in front of the Sudanese army’s headquarters in order to get the army to switch sides (1)

  3. On Thursday April 11th, Omar Al-Bashir was forced out of power by the military.

  4. The military immediately “dissolved the government, suspended the country's constitution and declared a three-month state of emergency. The military said it will remain in control for at least two years to oversee a "transition of power" (2)

  5. Protesters still in the streets, demanding the overthrowing of the military transitional government and demand that power be handed over to a civilian government. (2)

Why are there protests?

  1. In December, Sudanese government tried to stave off economic collapse brought on by years of US sanctions and loss of oil revenue, with emergency austerity measures and sharp currency devaluation (3)

  2. Loss in oil revenue due to independence of South Sudan in 2011, leading to the loss of most of Sudan’s oil fields.

  3. Cuts to bread and fuel subsidies sparked demonstrations in the east over living standards, but the anger soon spread to the capital, Khartoum. (4)

  4. Tyrannical rule of Omar Al-Bashir

  5. International Criminal Court arrest warrant over accusations of genocides, war crimes and crimes against humanity (5)

  6. Led to the displacement of more than 2 million people Darfur. Seeked helped from Janjaweed militias that terrorized protesters in Darfur that were uprising against mistreatment from authorities. (5)

Who is protesting?

  1. All walks of life but two groups in particular

  2. Sudanese Professional Association, made up of doctors, health workers and lawyers (4)

  3. Women: Account for 70% of the protests (4)

  4. Say they are demonstrating against Al Bashir’s strict implementation of Sharia law (4)

What now?

  1. General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo is in charge of the military transitional government (6)

  2. Military was open to "proportional" civilian representation in its council and the granting of executive powers to civilians.”(6)

  3. Sources said that an intial deal was reached, establishing a part military, part civilian transition council, with the military still having an upper hand.(6)

  4. Civilians are still in the streets, demanding for the military to step down and to fully transition to a civilian government. (6)

Our take

  1. The fact that the military suspended the Constitution is worrying.

  2. Sudanese people are at the mercy of the military. Indeed, toppling Al-Bashir was made possible by the help of the military, but toppling the military itself would require an civil war

  3. The UN and the African Union should work with military government to organize rapid elections by shortening the two year period they have allowed themselves to stay in power

  4. Sudan could turn into a failed state if the military keeps power. International community needs to send troops on the ground to keep the peace, and ensure smooth transition of power.

  5. Better to have a feeling of foreign interference by Sudanese people than to fall into years of military rule and continuous genocides.

  6. Handing over of Al-Bashir to ICC is necessary: would create the feeling of a “new era”



By Timothy Motte

French student studying international relations at the University of California, Santa Barbara. I was born in London, raised in Paris, and moved to the US my freshman year of high school. Along with my involvement with the AfterThought Institute, I am actively pursuing Mandarin and Spanish. Very internationally oriented, my goal is to work for any multilateral international organization, geopolitical consultancy, or foreign policy think tank. I am planning on studying at SciencePo Paris, as well as Shanghai Fudan University my junior year. Open minded and hardworking, I always strive to understand each side’s point of view before giving my opinion on it.

Contact

mottetimothy@gmail.com

https://www.linkedin.com/in/timothy-motte-27470a169/


Sources:

(1): https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/apr/09/sudan-protests-heavy-gunfire-heard-at-anti-government-rally

(2):https://www.cnn.com/2019/04/12/africa/sudan-army-bashir-intl/index.html

(3):https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47858523

(4):https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47852496

(5):https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/a-timeline-of-key-events-in-rule-of-sudans-al-bashir/2019/04/11/63e68eaa-5c5d-11e9-98d4-844088d135f2_story.html?utm_term=.923fb5a00d5c

(6):https://www.yahoo.com/news/sudans-military-rulers-condemn-attack-islamist-party-100203366.html

(7): http://time.com/5569331/sudanese-army-wont-extradite-deposed-president-omar-al-bashir/

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